Aquitaine class FREMM Frigate French Navy Marine Nationale

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French Navy - Marine Nationale
Aquitaine class Multipurpose Frigate
Frégate européenne multi-missions / FREMM
 

aquitaine fremm class fregate europeenne multi-missions frigate french navy marine nationale 18x
  
 
Ships:
 
anti-submarine warfare (ASW) variant
D 650
FS Aquitaine (2012)
D 652
FS Provence
(2015)
D 653
FS Languedoc
(2016)
D 654
FS Auvergne
(2018)
D 655
FS Bretagne
(2018)
D 651
FS Normandie
(2019?)

anti-air warfare (AAW) variant

D 656
FS Alsace (2021?)
D 657
FS Lorraine
(2022?)
  
 
Specifications:
Builder: DCNS (now Naval Group), Lorient, Brittany, France
 
Displacement:
6000 tons (full load)
Length:
142 meters (466 feet)
Beam: 20 meters (66 ft)
Draft: 5 meters (16 ft)
Speed: 27 knots (50 km/h), max. / 15.6 knots (29 km/h) max. cruise speed
Range: 6000 NM (11000 km) at 15 knots (28 km/h)
Complement: 145

Propulsion:
CODLOG
(Combined Diesel-Electric or Gas)
1 x
General Electric/Avio LM2500+G4 Gas Turbine (32MW)
2 x Jeumont Electric Motors (2,5 MW each)
4 x MTU 16V 4000 N43B Diesel Generators (2,2 MW each)
2 shafts, 2 controllable pitch propellers
1 x bow thruster (1 MW)

Armament:
 
1 x SYLVER A-43 (16-cell) VLS for MBDA Aster 15 SAM

1 x SYLVER A-70 (16-cell) VLS for MBDA MdCN / SCALP Naval cruise missiles


1 x OtoMelara/Leonardo 76/62SR (3" / 76mm / 62-caliber) gun

8 x MBDA MM40 Exocet Block 3 SSM missiles

2 x
Nexter Narwhal 20mm remote weapon systems

2 x
WASS/EuroTorp B515/3 twin torpedo tubes for Eurotorp MU90 torpedoes

Aviation:
flight deck (26,5x18,5 m) & hangar (18x12,5 m) for 1 helicopter
NH90 Caiman / Cougar / Panther / Caracal

Systems:
Thales HERAKLES multi-purpose passive electronically scanned array radar system
Terma Scanter 2001 navigation radar
Thales ARTEMIS infra-red search and track system IRST
SETIS multifunction combat management system
Sagem/Safran NAJIR fire control system (76/62 gun)
2 x SOFRESUD Quick Pointing Devices "QPD"
Thales UMS 4110 CL hull sonar
Thales UMS 4249 CAPTAS 4 towed sonar (ASW versions only)
2 x SLAT (systeme de lutte anti-torpille) anti-torpedo decoys
NGDS decoy launcher
Thales TUUM-6 Underwater Telephone
SAMAHE helicopter handling system

2 x Sigen MM/SMQ-765 EW system:
with JASS (Jamming Antenna Sub System) ECM, Nettuno 4100, by ELT Elettronica and Thales ESM (Communications and Radar ESM)
 
The FREMM (European multi-purpose frigate; French: Frégate européenne multi-mission; Italian: Fregata europea multi-missione) is a class of multi-purpose frigates designed by Naval Group/Armaris and Fincantieri for the navies of France and Italy. The lead ship of the class, Aquitaine, was commissioned in November 2012 by the French Navy. In France the class is known as the Aquitaine class, while in Italy they are known as the Bergamini class. Italy has ordered six general purpose variants and four anti-submarine variants; the last two Italian general purpose FREMMs will have anti-aircraft warfare, anti-ballistic missile and surface attack capabilities. France has ordered six anti-submarine variants, and two air-defence variants.


Three original variants of the FREMM were proposed; an anti-submarine variant (ASW) and a general-purpose variant (GP) and a land-attack variant (AVT) to replace the existing classes of frigates within the French and Italian navies. A total of 27 FREMM were to be constructed - 17 for France and 10 for Italy - with additional aims to seek exports, however budget cuts and changing requirements has seen this number drop significantly for France, while the order for Italy remained invaried. The land-attack variant (AVT) was subsequently cancelled.

A third anti-air warfare variant of FREMM was proposed by DCNS in response to French requirements for a new air-defence frigate, the new variant became known as FREDA ("FREgates de Défense Aériennes", 'Air defence frigate'). This new French requirement was due to the third and fourth Horizon-class frigates being cancelled after the first two cost €1,350m each, but this decision left French Navy still in-need of replacements for its ageing Cassard-class air-defence frigates.

As of 2009, the FREDA design features a more powerful version of the Herakles (radar) passive electronically scanned array radar and 32 cells of SYLVER A50 in place of the 16 cells of A43 and 16 cells of A70. The SYLVER A50 would allow it to fire the 120 kilometres (75 mi)-range Aster 30 missile; the towed array sonar would not be fitted.

At Euronaval 2012 DCNS showed a new concept called FREMM-ER for the FREDA requirement, again based on the FREMM, but specifically mentioning the ballistic missile defence mission as well as anti-air. FREMM-ER has a modified superstructure replacing Héraklès with the new Thales Sea Fire 500 radar, whose four fixed plates resemble those of the US Navy's AN/SPY-1. However unlike the Héraklès and the SPY-1 (both using passive electronically scanned array technology), the Sea Fire 500 has active electronically scanned array antennas.


Original plans were for 17 FREMM to replace the nine D'Estienne d'Orves-class avisos and nine anti-submarine frigates of the Tourville and Georges Leygues classes. In November 2005 France announced a contract of €3.5 billion for development and the first eight hulls, with options for nine more costing €2.95 billion split over two tranches (totaling 17).

Following the cancellation of the third and fourth of the Horizon-class frigates in 2005 on budget grounds, requirements for an air-defence derivative of the FREMM called FREDA were placed - with DCNS coming up with several proposals. Expectations were that the last two ships of the 17 FREMM planned would be built to FREDA specifications; however, by 2008 the plan was revised down to just 11 FREMM (9 ASW variants and 2 FREDA variants) at a cost of €8.75 billion (FY13, ~US$12 billion). The 11 ships would cost €670 million (~US$760m) each in FY2014, or €860m (~US$980m) including development costs.

The 2013 White Paper on Defence and National Security committed France to 15 front-line frigates, which was initially interpreted as 2 Horizons, 5 La Fayettes and a reduction in the FREMM fleet down to 8 ships. The 2014/2019 defence plan restated a target of 11 frigates; the current plan is to deliver six ASW FREMM variants to replace the Georges Leygues-class frigates by 2019, followed by two anti-air variants to replace the ageing Cassard-class frigates and a decision will be taken in 2016 on what version the remaining three will be. In 2014, the French Navy's Chief of Staff, Adm. Bernard Rogel, confirmed that 11 FREMM frigates had been ordered but in 2015 the order was cut to 8 in order to allow the purchase of five FTI Mid-Size frigates from 2023. The FTI will replace the La Fayette-class class, which will be fitted with a sonar as an interim measure.

source: wikipedia
 
images 

aquitaine fremm class fregate frigate french navy marine nationale 06 d-650 aquitaine
D 650 FS Aquitaine

aquitaine fremm class fregate frigate french navy marine nationale 04 d-652 provence
D 652 FS Provence

aquitaine fremm class fregate frigate french navy marine nationale 02 d-653 languedoc
D 653 FS Languedoc

aquitaine fremm class fregate frigate french navy marine nationale 04 d-654 auvergne
D 654 FS Auvergne

aquitaine fremm class fregate frigate french navy marine nationale 02 d-655 bretagne
D 655 FS Bretagne



ARMAMENT & SYSTEMS

aquitaine fremm class fregate frigate french navy marine nationale 02b armament oto melara 76/62 gun sylver a43 a70 vls aster-15 sam missile mdcn exocet ssm

aquitaine fremm class fregate frigate french navy marine nationale 03a armament oto melara 76/62 gun sylver a-70 a-43 vls aster-15 sam mdcn missile

aquitaine fremm class fregate frigate french navy marine nationale armament 06 eurotorp mu90 impact torpedo
an Eurotorp MU90 torpedo was launched

aquitaine fremm class fregate frigate french navy marine nationale 05 thales ums 4249 captas-4 towed sonar
Thales UMS 4249 CAPTAS 4 towed sonar

aquitaine fremm class fregate frigate french navy marine nationale 04 armament systems
 
 
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