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German Navy - Deutsche Marine
Type 124 Sachsen class Guided Missile Frigate
 

type 124 sachsen class guided missile frigate ffg german navy deutsche marine fgs hamburg hessen blohm + voss hdw nordseewerke
  
 06/21
Ships:
 
F 219
FGS Sachsen (2004)
F 220
FGS Hamburg
(2004)
F 221
FGS Hessen
(2006)
F 222 FGS Thüringen (cancelled)
  
 
Specifications:

  Builder:
Blohm+Voss, Hamburg / HDW, Kiel / Nordseewerke, Emden
 
Displacement:
5800 tons (full load)
Length:
143 meters (469 feet)
Beam: 17,44 meters (57.2 ft)
Draft: 6 meters (20 ft)
Speed: 29 knots (54 km/h)
Range: 4000 NM (7400 km) at 18 knots (33 km/h)
Complement: 230 ship + 13 aircrew

Propulsion:
CODAG
(Combined Diesel and Gas)
1 x
General Electric LM2500 Gas Turbine (23,5 MW)
2 x MTU 20V 1163 TB93 Diesel Engines (7,4 MW each)
2 shafts, 2 controllable pitch propellers
38300 kW (52074 hp) total power
 
Armament:
 
1 x Mk-41 Vertical Launching System / VLS (32 cells)
for
24 x
RIM-66 Standard Missiles SM-2MR (Block IIIA)
and
32 x
RIM-162 Evolved Sea Sparrow Missiles / ESSM (4 per cell)
 

- - - - -
 

1 x Oto-Melara 76/62 DP gun (3 inches / 76mm / 62-caliber)

2 x
Mk-141 missile launcher for 8 x RGM-84 Harpoon SSM

2 x Mk-49 missile launching system for RIM-116 Rolling Airframe Missiles (RAM)

2 x MLG27 27mm machine gun systems

2 x
Mk-32 triple torpedo tubes (12,75" / 324mm) for EuroTorp MU90 Impact torpedoes
 

Aviation:
flight deck & hangar for 2 x Westland Sea Lynx Mk.88A or NH90 naval helicopters
 
Systems:
1 x Thales Nederland SMART-L long-range air and surface surveillance radar (D-band)
1 x Thales Nederland APAR air and surface search, tracking and guidance radar (I-band)
1 x Thales Nederland Sirius IRST long-range infrared surveillance and trackng system (fitted for but not with)
2 x STN Atlas 9600-M multi-function I/J-band ARPA radars
1 x STN Atlas MSP 500 electro-optical fire control system
1 x STN Atlas DSQS-24B bow sonar
1 x FL 1800S II ECM suite
6 x Mk-36 Sippican Hycor SRBOC chaff & decoy launcher
  
 
The F124 Sachsen class is the German Navy's latest class of highly advanced air-defense frigates. The design of the Sachsen-class frigate is based on that of the F123 Brandenburg class but with enhanced stealth features designed to deceive an opponent's radar and acoustic sensors. The class incorporates an advanced multifunction radar APAR and a SMART-L long-range radar which is purported to be capable of detecting stealth aircraft and stealth missiles.

Although designated as frigates, they are comparable to destroyers in capability and size and were intended to replace the Navy's Lütjens class. They are similar to the Dutch De Zeven Provinciën class, in that both are based on the use of a common primary anti-air warfare system built around the APAR and SMART-L radars as well as the area-defence SM-2 Block IIIA and point-defence Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSM) surface-to-air missiles.

The German government contracted for three ships in June 1996 with an option on a fourth that was provisionally to have been named Thüringen, but the option for this fourth ship was not taken up. At €2.1 billion for the three ships, the class was one of the most expensive ship building programs of the German Navy.

Design:
Following the reunification of Germany in 1990 at the end of the Cold War, the German Navy continued the construction program of the former Bundesmarine (Federal Navy), which projected a fleet centered on destroyers and frigates. The Sachsen class was the second group of frigates to be built in the post-unification era, following the Brandenburg-class frigates laid down in the early 1990s. The three Sachsens were ordered to replace the old Lütjens-class destroyers that were then over thirty years old.

General characteristics and machinery:
The ships of the Sachsen class are 132.15 meters (433.6 ft) long at the waterline and 143 m (469 ft) long overall. They have a beam of 17.44 m (57.2 ft) and a draft of 5 m (16 ft), though the draft increases to 7 m (23 ft) at the sonar array in the bulbous bow. They displace 5,690 long tons (5,780 t) at full load. Steering is controlled by a single roll-stabilized rudder; the ships have a turning radius of 570 m (1,870 ft). The frigates have a crew of 38 officers, 64 petty officers, and 140 enlisted sailors. They have accommodations for an additional thirteen officers and sailors as part of a squadron commander's staff, and they have crew provisions for female sailors. The ships can remain at sea for 21 days at a time.

The ships' hulls were designed on the pattern of the previous Brandenburg class to allow for great commonality of parts to reduce maintenance costs; they were built using MEKO modular construction and incorporate seven watertight compartments. The primary improvement over the earlier vessels is the significantly reduced radar signature. The ships were designed with a capacity for an extra 270 long tons (270 t) of weight, to allow for future additions of new weapons and sensors without compromising the ships' efficiency.

The ships of the Sachsen class are equipped with a combined diesel and gas (CODAG) propulsion system. The two operating shafts work independently. The diesel engines are installed in a non-walkable sound-proof capsule. The shafts drive two five-bladed variable-pitch propellers. The General Electric LM2500 PF/MLG gas turbine is rated at 31,500 shaft horsepower (23,500 kW) and the MTU 20V 1163 TB93 diesels provide a combined 20,100 brake horsepower (15,000 kW). The total 51,600 hp (38,500 kW) propulsion system provides a top speed of 29 knots (54 km/h; 33 mph); while operating the diesels only, the ships can cruise for 4,000 nautical miles (7,400 km; 4,600 mi) at a speed of 18 kn (33 km/h; 21 mph). The ships are equipped with four 1,000 Kilowatt diesel generators that operate at 400 Volts (V) and 115 V.

Steering is controlled via the Rudder Roll System, which communicates information about the ship's position and rudder dampening signals, allowing the ships to maintain "almost unprecedented stability" in as high as sea state 5.

Armament:
These ships were optimized for the anti-air warfare role. The primary anti-air weapons are the 32-cell Mk 41 Mod 10 vertical launching system, equipped with twenty-four SM-2 Block IIIA missiles and thirty-two Evolved Sea Sparrow missiles. Point-defense against cruise missiles is provided by a pair of 21-round Rolling Airframe Missile launchers. The ships are also equipped with two four-cell RGM-84 Harpoon anti-ship missile launchers. In 2013, the German Navy considered modifying the ships' long-range search radar to allow the SM-2 missiles to be used in an anti-ballistic missile capacity.

For defense against submarines, the frigates carry two triple-launchers for the 324 mm (12.8 in) MU90 Impact torpedoes. The ships also carry a variety of guns, including one dual-purpose 62-caliber 76-millimeter (3 in) gun manufactured by OTO Melara. They are also armed with two Rheinmetall 27 mm (1.1 in) MLG 27 remote-controlled autocannons in single mounts.

In January 2003, Hamburg had a modified Panzerhaubitze 2000 turret with a 155 mm (6.1 in) gun fitted experimentally for the Modular Naval Artillery Concept. The experiment was a feasibility study for the projected F125-class frigate. The gun had a range of 40 nmi (74 km; 46 mi) and a rate of fire of 10 rounds per minute.

Sachsen and her sister ships are equipped with a flight deck and hangar that can accommodate two Super Lynx or NH90 helicopters. The flight deck is rated to accommodate a 15-metric-ton (15-long-ton; 17-short-ton) helicopter in conditions up to sea state 6. The helicopter handling system from MBB-Förder und Hebesysteme uses laser guided and computer controlled manipulator arms to secure the helicopter after landing.

Sensors and countermeasures:
For this role the ships are equipped with an advanced sensor and weapons suite. The primary sensors for this role are the long range surveillance radar SMART-L and the multi-function radar APAR. The SMART-L and APAR sets are highly complementary, in the sense that SMART-L is a L band radar providing very long range surveillance while APAR is an X band radar providing precise target tracking, a highly capable horizon search capability, and missile guidance using the Interrupted Continuous Wave Illumination (ICWI) technique, thus allowing guidance of 32 semi-active radar homing missiles in flight simultaneously, including 16 in the terminal guidance phase. The ships are also equipped with two STN Atlas 9600-M ARPA navigation radars.

source: wikipedia
 
images

type 124 sachsen class guided missile frigate german navy f-219 fgs 04x
F 219 FGS Sachsen

type 124 sachsen class guided missile frigate german navy f-220 fgs hamburg 02x
F 220 FGS Hamburg

type 124 sachsen class guided missile frigate german navy f-221 fgs hessen 11x
F 221 FGS Hessen

type 124 sachsen class guided missile frigate ffg german navy deutsche marine fgs hamburg hessen 07
FGS Sachsen (F 219) - FGS Hamburg (F 220) - FGS Hessen (F 221)


armament & details

type 124 sachsen class guided missile frigate german navy armament oto melara 76/62 gun mk-41 vertical launching system vls rim-66 standard sm-2mr rim-162 essm rgm-84 harpoon ssm torpedo tubes mlg-27 rim-116 ram

type 124 sachsen class guided missile frigate german navy armament mk-41 vls rim-66 standard sm-2mr rim-162 essm oto-melara 76/62 gun 04

type 124 sachsen class guided missile frigate german navy armament mk-41 vls rim-66 standard sm-2mr rim-162 essm 18x
Mk-41 Vertical Launching System (VLS) - 32 cells / Mk-49 launcher for RIM-116 Rolling Airframe Missiles (RAM)

type 124 sachsen class guided missile frigate german navy armament mk-41 vls rim-162 essm sam
a RIM-162 Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSM) was fired from the Mk-41 Vertical Launching System (VLS)

type 124 sachsen class guided missile frigate german navy armament rim-116 rolling airframe ram 57x
a RIM-116 Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM) was fired

type 124 sachsen class guided missile frigate german navy armament mk-41 vls rim-66 standard sm-2mr rim-162 essm oto-melara 76/62 gun 21
Oto-Melara 76/62 gun / Mk-49 launcher for RIM-116 Rolling Airframe Missiles (RAM) / Mk-41 Vertical Launching System (VLS) - 32 cells

type 124 sachsen class guided missile frigate german navy armament mk-141 launcher rgm-84 harpoon ssm mk-32 triple torpedo tubes
2 x Mk-141 launcher for RGM-84 Harpoon SSM missiles (center) / Mk-32 triple torpedo tubes (inboard)

type 124 sachsen class guided missile frigate german navy mast radar details
mast details

type 124 sachsen class guided missile frigate german navy flight deck hangar super lynx mk.88a westland


type 124 sachsen class guided missile frigate german navy combat direction center cdc cic 31x

type 124 sachsen class guided missile frigate german navy drawing 06
  
 
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