Royal Netherlands Navy / Koninklijke Marine

 

 

De Zeven Provincien class Cruiser

 

HNLMS De Zeven Provincien Ė C 802

 

 

units:

in service

builder

fate

 

C 801 HNLMS De Ruyter

1953

Wilton Fijenoord, Schiedam

to Peru in 1973

 

C 802 HNLMS De Zeven Provincien

1953

Rotterdam Dockyard

to Peru in 1976

 

 

General Information:

The De Zeven Provincien class (also called Eendracht class) was a class of light cruisers. They were built by Rotterdamsche Droogdok Maatschappij (RDM) and Wilton-Fijenoord for the Royal Netherlands Navy. The name De Zeven ProvinciŽn refers to the Seven Provinces which formed the Dutch Republic in 1581. There were two ships in the class, each was renamed: HNLMS De Zeven ProvinciŽn (renamed De Ruyter in 1947) and Kijkduin (renamed Eendracht in 1940, De Ruyter in 1944 and De Zeven ProvinciŽn in 1947). Both ships enjoyed long service lives, first in the Koninklijke Marine (until early 1970s) and then in the Marina de Guerra del Perķ.

Design

In the 1930s there was an increased awareness in the Netherlands about the threat which the Imperial Japanese Navy posed to the Dutch East Indies. To face this menace, in 1932, the Koninklijke Marine embarked on a major naval expansion program which included two new light cruisers as replacements for the aging Java class cruisers. The design was an improvement of the earlier HNLMS De Ruyter and both ships were laid down in 1939. The first was named Kijkduin, later changed to Eendracht, and the second one received the name De Zeven ProvinciŽn, hence the name of the class.

However construction of the De Zeven ProvinciŽn class cruisers was interrupted by the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands on May 10, 1940. The Germans continued work on the De Zeven ProvinciŽn which was further advanced, it was renamed KH2 and modified by fitting an Atlantik Bow. Work progressed very slowly as the dockyards' capacity was used for other purposes and sabotage by the Dutch resistance affected progress. On December 24, 1944, KH2 was launched for use as a blockship in the Nieuwe Waterweg of Rotterdam but this action was never carried out.

After the end of World War II, construction resumed on both ships to a modified design which incorporated the lessons of the war. Armament was modified from 3 triple and 2 twin Bofors 152/53 mm guns, 6 twin 40 mm AA and 2 triple 533 mm torpedo tubes to 4 twin Bofors 152/53 mm guns, 4 twin Bofors 57/60 mm guns and 8 single Bofors 40/70 mm guns. An improved propulsion plant was fitted as well as a second funnel and advanced electronics.

 

Names were also changed with Eendracht becoming De Zeven ProvinciŽn and the former De Zeven ProvinciŽn being renamed De Ruyter. Both ships were finally commissioned by the Royal Netherlands Navy in 1953.

Royal Netherlands Navy

In Dutch service both ships participated in several NATO exercises, and were frequently used as flagships for different naval task forces. Between 1962 and 1964, the De Zeven ProvinciŽn underwent a refit by RDM which included the removal of the two aft turrets and the installation of a RIM-2 Terrier SAM system. Lack of funds precluded the same modifications from being carried out in the De Ruyter, which was decommissioned in 1973. Her sistership followed suit in 1976 after the entry to service of the two Tromp class frigates.

Peruvian Navy

De Ruyter was acquired by the Peruvian Navy and recommissioned in 1973 as Almirante Grau. The De Zeven ProvinciŽn was also bought in 1976, its RIM-2 Terrier SAM was removed and replaced by an hangar and a flight deck for ASH-3D Sea King helicopters. From 1985 until 1988 the Almirante Grau underwent a major modernization by Amsterdam Naval Services (ANS), which has allowed the ship to remain in service, whereas the Aguirre was decommissioned in 1999.

 

Technical characteristics (as built):

Length: 187,32 meters

Beam: 17,25 meters

Draft: 6,80 meters

Displacement: 11850 tons De Ruyter / 12250 tons Ė De Zeven Provincien (full load)

Propulsion: 2 De Schelde Parsons geared turbines (85000 shp);

†††††††††††††††††† 4 Werkspoor-Yarrow boilers;

†††††††††††††††††† 2 shafts; 2 propellers;

Speed: 30+ knots

Crew: 973

Aviation/Hangar: none;

 

Armament:

De Ruyter (C 801)

De Zeven Provincien (C 802)

8152/53 mm Bofors guns (4 twin);

857/60 mm Bofors AA guns (4 twin);

840/70 mm single Bofors AA guns;

8152/53 mm Bofors guns (4 twin);

857/60 mm Bofors AA guns (4 twin);

840/70 mm single Bofors AA guns;

 

after conversion:

4152/53 mm Bofors guns (2 twin);

657/60 mm Bofors AA guns (3 twin);

440/70 mm single Bofors AA guns;

2depth charge racks;

1Mk.10 Mod.1 launcher for RIM-2E/F Terrier (40 missiles, max.);

hangar and flightdeck for 1 Sea King helicopter;

 

| seaforces.org | Royal Netherlands Navy start page |