andrea doria class helicopter cruiser italian navy marina militare

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Andrea Doria class Helicopter Cruiser

andrea doria class guided missile helicopter cruiser cgh italian navy 553 554 caio duilio rim-2 terrier sam 
Technical Data:

Andrea Doria class Guided Missile Helicopter Cruiser - CGH
149,3 meters (490 feet)

Beam: 17,3 m (57 ft)
Draught: 5 m (16.4 ft)
Displacement: 6500 tons (full load)
Speed: 31 knots (57 km/h)
Range: 6000 NM (11000 km) at 20 knots (37 km/h)
Crew: 485

4 x Foster Wheeler boilers
2 x geared steam turbines
(45000 kW / 60000 shp)

2 shafts / 2 propellers
1 x Mk-10 missile launcher for 40 RIM-2 Terrier SAM
8 x Oto-Melara 76/62mm Allargato guns (3”/62 caliber)
2 x Mk-32 triple torpedo tubes (324mm) for Mk-46 torpedoes
helicopter deck (30 x 16 meters) with on-deck hangar
up to 4 Agusta-Bell AB212 or 2 Agusta-Sikorsky ASH-3 Sea King helicopters

AN/SPS-39 > replaced by AN/SPS-52 long range radar
AN/SPS-12 > replaced by AN/SPS-40 > replaced by MM/SPS-768 medium range radar
1 x MM/SPQ-2 multifunction radar
AN/SPG-55 missile fire control radar
NA-9 Orion fire control system (for 76/62 guns)
TACAN tactical air navigation
1 x AN/SQS-23 sonar
C 553 ITS Andrea Doria

Builder: Cantieri del Tirreno, Riva Trigoso (Genoa), Italy
Laid down: May 11, 1958
Launched: February 27, 1963
Commissioned: February 23, 1964
Decommissioned: September 30, 1992
Fate: sold for scrap; scrapped in 2001

Namesake: Andrea Doria (1466-1560)
C 554 ITS Caio Duilio

Builder: Navalmeccanica, Castellammare di Stabia (Naples), Italy
Laid down: May 16, 1958
Launched: December 22, 1962
Commissioned: November 30, 1964
Decommissioned: November 15, 1989
Fate: sold for scrap in 1992; scrapped

Namesake: Caio Duilio (Gaius Duilius) 3rd century BC
Ships Motto: NOMEN NUMEN
C 555 ITS Enrico Dandolo

the planned third unit was cancelled

c-553 andrea doria guided missile helicopter cruiser italian navy 04
C 553 ITS Andrea Doria

c-553 andrea doria guided missile helicopter cruiser italian navy 02
C 553 ITS Andrea Doria

c-553 andrea doria guided missile helicopter cruiser italian navy 03
C 553 ITS Andrea Doria

c-554 caio duilio guided missile helicopter cruiser italian navy andrea doria class 03
C 554 ITS Caio Duilio

c-554 caio duilio guided missile helicopter cruiser italian navy andrea doria class 04
C 554 ITS Caio Duilio

c-554 caio duilio guided missile helicopter cruiser italian navy andrea doria class 02
C 554 ITS Caio Duilio

andrea doria class guided missile helicopter cruiser cgh italian navy 553 554 caio duilio rim-2 terrier sam draw 02

andrea doria class guided missile helicopter cruiser cgh italian navy 553 554 caio duilio rim-2 terrier sam draw 03

andrea doria class guided missile helicopter cruiser cgh italian navy 553 554 caio duilio rim-2 terrier sam draw 04

andrea doria class guided missile helicopter cruiser cgh italian navy 553 554 caio duilio rim-2 terrier sam draw 05
The Andrea Doria class were helicopter cruisers of the Italian Navy. Italy's first major new designs of the post World War II era, these ships were primarily designed for anti-submarine warfare tasks. Initially planned for three ships, the two ships that were constructed, Andrea Doria and Caio Duilio served until 1991 in both active and training capacities. The Andrea Doria class formed the basis for the larger Vittorio Veneto that followed them.

Ordered in the 1957-58 Naval Programme, the Andrea Doria class were designed to operate the RIM-2 Terrier surface-to-air missile (SAM) system and Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King helicopters as both a platform for anti-air and anti-submarine warfare. The hull was based on the Impavido class, with a length of 149.3 metres (489 ft 10 in) and an enlarged beam to allow for the installation of a flight deck and hangar, measuring 17.3 metres (56 ft 9 in). The vessels had a draught of 5.0 m (16 ft 5 in) and displaced 5,000 tons standard and 6,500 tons loaded.

The flight deck measured 30 by 16 metres (98 by 52 ft) and was placed aft of the superstructure. It was cantilevered out at the stern to provide extra operational space.

Power and propulsion:
The class was powered by four Foster Wheeler boilers. These provided the power to two double reduction geared steam-powered turbines creating 60,000 horsepower (45,000 kW) which drove two shafts. This gave the cruisers a maximum speed of 31 knots (57 km/h; 36 mph) and an operating range of 6,000 nautical miles (11,000 km; 6,900 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph).
Andrea Doria (or D'Oria) (30 November 1466 - 25 November 1560)

... was an Italian condottiere and admiral from Genoa.

Early life
Doria was born at Oneglia from the ancient Genoese family, the Doria di Oneglia branch of the old Doria, de Oria or de Auria family. His parents were related: Ceva Doria, co-lord of Oneglia, and Caracosa Doria, of the Doria di Dolceacqua branch. Orphaned at an early age, he became a soldier of fortune, serving first in the papal guard and then under various Italian princes.

In 1503 he was fighting in Corsica in the service of Genoa, at that time under French vassalage, and he took part in the rising of Genoa against the French, whom he compelled to evacuate the city. From that time onwards, he became famous as a naval commander. For several years he scoured the Mediterranean in command of the Genoese fleet, waging war on the Turks and the Barbary pirates.

Wars between France and the Holy Roman Empire
In the meanwhile Genoa had been recaptured by the French, and in 1522 by the armies of the Holy Roman Emperor.

But Doria joined the French or popular faction and entered the service of King Francis I of France, who made him captain-general; in 1524 he relieved Marseille, which was besieged by the Imperialists, and later helped to place his native city once more under French domination.

Dissatisfied with his treatment at the hands of Francis, who was mean about payment, he resented the king's behavior in connection with Savona, which he delayed handing back to the Genoese as he had promised.

Consequently, on the expiration of Doria's contract he entered the service of Emperor Charles V (1528).

Re-establishment of the Genoese Republic
Doria ordered his nephew Filippino, who was then blockading Naples in alliance with a French army, to withdraw; Doria then sailed for Genoa where, with the help of some leading citizens, he expelled the French and re-established the republic under imperial protection.

He reformed the constitution in an aristocratic sense, most of the nobility being Imperialists, and put an end to the factions which divided the city, by creating 28 Alberghi or "clans". The 28 Alberghi that formed this new ruling class included the Cybo, Doria, Fieschi, Giustiniani, Grimaldi, Imperiale, Pallavicino, and Spinola families.

He refused offers to take the lordship of Genoa and even the dogeship, but accepted the position of "perpetual censor", and exercised predominant influence in the councils of the republic until his death. The title "censor" in this context was modeled on its meaning in the Roman Republic (i.e. a highly respected senior public official - see Roman censor), rather than its modern meaning having to do with censorship. He was given two palaces, many privileges, and the title of Liberator et Pater Patriae (Liberator and Father of his Country).

Doria as imperial admiral
As imperial admiral he commanded several expeditions against the Ottoman Empire, capturing Koroni and Patras, and co-operating with the emperor himself in the capture of Tunis (1535). Charles found him an invaluable ally in the wars with Francis I, and through him extended his domination over the whole of Italy.

In February 1538, Pope Paul III succeeded in assembling a Holy League (comprising the Papacy, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire, the Republic of Venice and the Maltese Knights) against the Ottomans, but Hayreddin Barbarossa defeated its combined fleet, commanded by Andrea Doria, at the Battle of Preveza in September 1538. This victory secured Turkish dominance over the Mediterranean for the next 33 years, until the Battle of Lepanto in 1571.

He accompanied Charles V on the ill-fated Algiers expedition of 1541, of which he disapproved, and which ended in disaster. For the next five years he continued to serve the emperor in various wars, in which he was generally successful and always active, although now over seventy years old.

Later years
After the Peace of Crépy between Francis and Charles in 1544, Doria hoped to end his days in quiet. However, his great wealth and power, as well as the arrogance of his nephew and heir Giannettino Doria, had made him many enemies, and in 1547 the Fieschi conspiracy to dislodge his family from power took place. Giannettino was killed, but the conspirators were defeated, and Doria showed great vindictiveness in punishing them, seizing many of their fiefs for himself. He was also implicated in the murder of Pier Luigi Farnese, duke of Parma and Piacenza, who had helped Fieschi.

Other conspiracies followed, of which the most important was that of Giulio Cybo (1548), but all failed. Although Doria was ambitious and harsh, he was a patriot and successfully opposed Emperor Charles's repeated attempts to have a citadel built in Genoa and garrisoned by Spaniards; neither blandishments nor threats could win him over to the scheme.

Nor did age lessen his energy, for in 1550, aged 84, he again put to sea to confront the Barbary pirates, but with no great success. In 1552 the Ottoman fleet under the command of Turgut Reis defeated the Spanish-Italian fleet of Charles V under the command of Andrea Doria in the Battle of Ponza (1552). War between France and the Empire having broken out once more, the French seized Corsica in the Invasion of Corsica (1553), then administered by the Genoese Bank of St George. Doria was again summoned, and he spent two years (1553-1555) on the island fighting the French with varying fortune.

He returned to Genoa for good in 1555, and being very old and infirm, he gave over the command of the galleys to his great-nephew Giovanni Andrea Doria, the son of Giannettino Doria, who conducted an expedition against Tripoli, but proved even more unsuccessful than his great-uncle had been at Algiers, barely escaping with his life after losing the Battle of Djerba against the Turkish fleet of Piyale Pasha and Turgut Reis. Andrea Doria left his estates to Giovanni Andrea. The family of Doria-Pamphili-Landi is descended from Giovanni Andrea Doria and bears his title of prince of Melfi. Judged by the standards of his day, Doria was an outstanding leader.

source: wikipedia

andrea doria admiral d'oria
Caio Duilio or Gaius Duilius (lived 3rd century BC)

... was a Roman politician and admiral involved in the First Punic War.

Not much is known about his family background or early career, since he was a novus homo, meaning not belonging to a traditional family of Roman aristocrats. He managed, nevertheless, to be elected consul for the year of 260 BC, at the outbreak of the first Punic war. As junior partner of the patrician Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Asina, Duilius was given the command of the rear fleet, not expected to see much action. However, the ingenuity of Scipio Asina got him captured in the battle of the Lipari Islands, leaving Duilius as senior commander. He encountered Hannibal Gisco and the rest of the Punic fleet soon afterwards. The following battle of Mylae was a stunning victory for Rome, mainly due to the use of the corvus boarding device. Duilius captured several enemy vessels, including Gisco's flagship and was thus the first Roman successful in a naval engagement. He was awarded with a triumphal parade featuring the ramming "beaks" of captured Carthaginian warships that later would adorn a column erected in Duilius' honor in the Roman Forum.

He was censor in 258 BC with Lucius Cornelius Scipio. The election of a novus homo to censorship was a very rare honour.
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