F 592 ITS Andromeda / ex USS Wesson (DE 184):
Service history (USS Wesson)
Wesson (DE-184) was laid down on 29 July 1943 at
Newark, N.J., by the Federal Shipbuilding and Dry-dock Co.; launched on 17
October 1943; sponsored by Mrs. Eleanor Wesson; and commissioned on 11
November 1943, Comdr. H. Reich in command.
Wesson departed New York on 28 November for shakedown off Bermuda. She
returned to New York on 28 December 1943 for post-shakedown availability
which lasted until 9 January 1944 when she sailed for the Canal Zone. After
transiting the Panama Canal, Wesson departed Balboa on the 19th, bound for
Hawaii in company with Riddle (DE-185), and arrived at Pearl Harbor on 1
February. Following minor repairs and training exercises, the destroyer
escort joined the screen of a westward-bound convoy. On 18 February, the
convoy split; and Wesson headed for Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshall Islands.
She arrived at Roi the following day and began patrolling the entrance to the
harbor. On 22 February, Wesson sighted and fired upon a Japanese cutter,
killing six of the enemy and bringing five prisoners on board. She later
turned them over to the island commander at Roi.
The destroyer escort set course for Majuro, also in the Marshalls, on 4 March
1944 and, in company with Steele (DE-8), sailed for Oahu three days later,
screening Cambria (APA-36). Wesson arrived at Pearl Harbor on 13 March and
spent a week there undergoing minor repairs and receiving fuel, stores, and
provisions. On 20 March, she got underway to escort SS Meteor to the Gilbert
Islands and arrived at Tarawa on the 31st. After a one-day stop, Wesson again
set her course for Hawaii as an escort for Pecos (AO-65). She arrived at
Pearl Harbor on 10 April and conducted torpedo and antisubmarine exercises
until 29 April when she received orders sending her to Majuro as an escort
for Preble (DM-20).
Wesson returned to Hawaii on 13 May and received repairs and conducted
antisubmarine exercises before getting underway on 27 May to escort a convoy
to Majuro. Having moored at Majuro harbor on 3 June, Wesson departed three
days later for a rendezvous with Task Group (TG) 58.1 to conduct fueling
operations. On 12 June, she made rendezvous with Copahee (CVE-12) and Evans
(DD-552) ; and, two days later, the destroyer escort took position in the
screen while fueling operations were in progress. She continued to support
fueling operations until 16 June when she set her course for Eniwetok Atoll
in the Marshall Islands. After a brief stop there, the ship received orders
to make a round-trip voyage to the Marianas and back, escorting three oilers.
She returned to Eniwetok on 11 July and, five days later, put to sea to
support several fuelings and mail transfers. On 31 July, Wesson arrived off
Saipan Island screening Patuxent (AO-44).
On 1 August 1944, Wesson steamed for the Marshalls and arrived at Eniwetok on
5 August for upkeep and availability. From 29 to 30 August, the ship was
dry-docked to repaint her underwater hull. On 2 September, Wesson got
underway to rendezvous with Sitkoh Bay (CVE-86) and Barnes (CVE-20) and
proceed in company with the escort carriers to Manus in the Admiralty
Islands. The force arrived at Seeadler Harbor, Manus, on 10 September and,
four days later, sortied for a rendezvous off the Palau Islands in the
Western Carolines. During flight operations, Wesson rescued three airmen who
had crashed upon launching. The destroyer escort screened Sitkoh Bay as the
escort carrier headed back to the Admiralty Islands for repairs to her
catapult. On 22 September, she and Mitchell (DE-43) left Seeadler Harbor,
Manus Island, escorting Guada-lupe (AO-32) to a fueling area in the Palau
Islands; but, on 29 September, Wesson received orders to return to Manus.
The first three days of October found Wesson anchored in Seeadler Harbor. On
the 4th, she got underway as part of a task unit centered around Nehenta Bay
(CVE-74), Steamer Bay (CVE-87), Sitkoh Bay (CVE-86), and Nassau (CVE-16).
During fueling operations in the Philippine Sea, Wesson assumed plane guard
duty. On 22 October - two days after American forces returned to the
Philippine Islands with landings on Leyte - Wesson got underway to escort
Sitkoh Bay to Manus, and they arrived back in Seeadler Harbor on 26 October.
Wesson remained there undergoing availability for the remainder of the month.
On 1 November 1944, the ship left the Admiralties to escort Armadillo
(IX-111) to Ulithi Atoll, where she arrived on 5 November. After conducting
firing practice and fueling exercises, Wesson departed Ulithi on the 16th
with a group of oilers to rendezvous with the fast carrier Task Force (TF) 38
for fueling in the western Philippine Sea. Following the successful
conclusion of that operation, the destroyer escort returned to Ulithi on 29
November. On 10 December, Wesson, as part of a supply group, again made
rendezvous with TF 38 for fueling and aircraft replacement. On 20 December,
the destroyer escort received orders to escort Kwajalein (CVE-98) to Guam
and, after completing that task, returned to Ulithi and spent the remainder
of 1944 in drydock for repairs to her sonar gear.
During the first week of January 1945, Wesson underwent repairs and
inspections. On the 7th, the ship got underway, with a task unit consisting
of five oilers and three escorts, for a rendezvous east of the Philippines.
On the 13th, Wesson proceeded to Leyte Gulf to procure charts and
instructions. The next day, she received orders to escort Housatonic (AO-35)
to the Lin-gayen Gulf off Luzon. On 15 January, having been detached from the
oiler, Wesson returned to San Pedro Bay, Leyte. On the 19th, she got underway
to escort Housatonic to Ulithi. After screening the oiler's entrance into
Mugai Channel on 26 January, the destroyer proceeded independently to Ulithi
Atoll and remained there into February.
On the 5th, Wesson - as part of Escort Division 44 - set her course for the
Marianas and made stops at Apra Harbor, Guam; Saipan; and Tanapag. The ship
then departed the Marianas for duty supporting the invasion of Iwo Jima. On
16 February, the carriers began air strikes against the island. The destroyer
escort served in the screen protecting the carriers for 10 days. She then
returned to Ulithi Atoll and, on 21 March, got underway to escort TF 54 to
Okinawa. The ship arrived off Kerama Retto on 25 March and took station in a
circular screen. The next day, Wesson and Barton (DD-599) helped to protect
Tennessee (BB-43), Nevada (BB-36), Birmingham (CL-62), St. Louis (CL-49), and
Wichita (CA-45) while they shelled southern Okinawa.
On 26 March, Wichita sighted a torpedo wake and a periscope. After Wesson
maneuvered and dropped a 13 depth charge pattern, an antisubmarine patrol
plane observed an oil slick. However, no other evidence appeared to confirm
that an enemy submarine had been destroyed or damaged. The next day, the
formation came under attack by Japanese planes. Wesson fired at three of the
raiders; and one plane took several hits in the fuselage just above the wing
before bursting into flame and crashing astern of the screen. Enemy air
attacks continued for the next two days. On 30 March, Wesson proceeded on
orders west of Zampa Misaki and destroyed four mines by gunfire en route. She
then reported mines in an unswept area north and east of Zampa Misaki. Her
formation came under air attack every day until 5 April. The next day at
0307, the enemy struck with a sizeable formation of planes, and the action
continued incessantly until dawn. From 1400 to 1800, there were so many enemy
planes darting in and put of clouds that the ship maneuvered continuously in
tight turns of up to 180 degrees. Scattered clouds provided the enemy planes
with extremely effective cover. All enemy planes were considered to be suiciders.
One plane attacked Wesson but was turned back by repeated fire. It then
attempted to crash into a destroyer on the port side but missed and splashed
into the water.
On 7 April, Wesson relieved Sterett (DD-407) north of le Shima and the Motobu
Peninsula and took station screening LCI-U52 and LCI-558. At 0340, the
destroyer escort fought off a small enemy air attack which lasted until dawn.
At 0917, Wesson opened fire on three enemy planes crossing her bow and then
engaged a plane diving from the clouds to starboard. The plane crashed into
the destroyer escort's torpedo tubes amidships. Five men died instantly, one
was missing, and 25 were wounded, two of whom died later. Wesson lost and
regained power several times and suffered a fire on the boat deck, as well as
flooding in the engineering spaces. All power was lost aft, propulsion was
lost on the port shaft, and the rudder jammed full right. Lang (DD-399) came
alongside and transferred a submersible pump and gasoline, then took Wesson
under tow. The tow line parted at 1133, and Wesson steamed into Kerama Retto
under her own power with Lang screening.
Despite enemy air attacks, the destroyer escort completed emergency repairs
on 10 April. The next day, she got underway en route for the Marianas and
arrived at Saipan on 17 April. A week later, Wesson sailed for San Francisco,
where - from 17 May to 25 June - she received an overhaul while her battle
damage was being repaired. On 3 July, the ship set course for San Diego and
10 days of refresher training before returning to Pearl Harbor on 21 July.
After conducting various exercises in Hawaiian waters through 14 August, the
destroyer escort received orders to proceed, via Eniwetok, to the
Philippines. She arrived at Eniwetok on 22 August; then escorted three attack
transports to Ulithi and entered the lagoon of that atoll through Mugai
Channel on the 28th. That same day, she pressed on for'Leyte, escorting a
convoy of eight ships. On 1 September, the convoy was dissolved; and Wesson
proceeded independently into Leyte Gulf. Four days later, Wesson departed San
Pedro Bay, Leyte, bound for Okinawa and entered Buckner Bay on 8 September.
On 16 September, Wesson and Foreman (DE-633) sailed to waters west of Okinawa
to avoid a typhoon and returned to Buckner Bay the following day. On 20
September, Wesson set course for Japan and arrived at Wakayama, Honshu, two
On 24 September 1945, the ship - with Alvin C. Cockrell (DE-366) and Cecil J.
Doyle (DE-368) - got underway to screen a unit of TF 51 built around Makin
Island (CVE-93) and Santee (CVE-29). Wesson took station in the screen
operating in Kii Suido. After supporting two days of flight operations and
exploding several mines, the destroyer escort returned to Waka-noura Wan
after the task unit had been dissolved.
October 1945 began with Wesson and McGinty (DE-365) escorting California
(BB-44), Tennessee (BB-43), Makin Island (CVE-93), and Lunga Point (CVE-94)
to Tokyo Bay. On 7 October, the ship left Tokyo Bay and stopped at Kii Suido,
Bungo Suido, and Okino Shima before arriving at Yokosuka, Japan, on 26
October. She returned to Wakanoura Wan before setting her course for Okinawa
on 31 October. On 3 November, Wesson got underway for Naha Ho, then proceeded
to escort two merchant ships and an Army transport to Jinsen, Korea. She
returned to Buckner Bay, Okinawa, on 10 November, embarked passengers for
Guam and Pearl Harbor, then sailed the next day, escorting the former
Stewart, DD-224. Wesson took DD-224 in tow due to an engineering casualty and
arrived at Apra harbor, Guam, on 17 November. Three days later, Wesson headed
for Hawaii and arrived at Pearl Harbor on 28 November. There, she took on
board passengers, pushed on, and arrived at San Diego on 6 December. Wesson
transited the Panama Canal and reached Charleston, S.C., on 23 December where
she spent the remaining days of 1945.
Wesson shifted to the inactive fleet berthing area at Green Cove Springs,
Fla., to prepare for eventual in-activation. She was decommissioned there on
24 June 1946 and placed in reserve. Wesson was transferred to Italy on 10
January 1951 as Andromeda (F-592) and struck from the Navy list on 26 March
1951. In January 1972, she was struck from the Italian Naval Register and
Wesson earned seven battle stars for her World War II service.
source: US Naval History &
no service history from ITS
Andromeda (F 592) at this time