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Surface Vessel / Submarine Weapon System
UGM / BGM-109 Tomahawk
 
 
bgm-109 tomahawk land attack missile tlam us navy

  
The Tomahawk Land Attack Missile (TLAM) is an all-weather, long range, subsonic cruise missile used for land attack warfare, launched from U. S. Navy surface ships and U.S. Navy and Royal Navy submarines.

Features:
Tomahawk carries a nuclear or conventional payload. The conventional, land-attack, unitary variant carries a 1,000-pound-class warhead (TLAM-C) while the submunitions dispenser variant carries 166 combined-effects bomblets (TLAM-D). The Block III version incorporates engine improvements, an insensitive extended range warhead, time-of-arrival control and navigation capability using an improved Digital Scene Matching Area Correlator (DSMAC) and Global Positioning System (GPS) - which can significantly reduce mission-planning time and increase navigation and terminal accuracy. Tomahawk Block IV (TLAM-E) is the latest improvement to the Tomahawk missile family. Block IV capability enhancements include: (a) increased flexibility utilizing two-way satellite communications to reprogram the missile in-flight to a new aimpoint or new preplanned mission, send a new mission to the missile en route to a new target, and missile health and status messages during the flight; (b) increased responsiveness with faster launch timelines, mission planning capability aboard the launch platform, loiter capability in the area of emerging targets, the ability to provide battle damage indication in the target area, and the capability to provide a single-frame image of the target or other areas of interest along the missile flight path; and (c) improved affordability with a production cost of a Block IV significantly lower than the cost of a new Block III and a 15-year Block IV recertification interval compared to the eight-year interval for Block III.

Background:
Tomahawk cruise missiles are designed to fly at extremely low altitudes at high subsonic speeds, and are piloted over an evasive route by several mission tailored guidance systems. The first operational use was in Operation Desert Storm, 1991, with immense success. The missile has since been used successfully in several other conflicts. In 1995 the governments of the United States and United Kingdom signed a Foreign Military Sales Agreement for the acquisition of 65 missiles, marking the first sale of Tomahawk to a foreign country.

General Characteristics:
Primary Function: Long-range subsonic cruise missile for striking high value or heavily defended land targets.
Contractor: Raytheon Systems Company, Tucson, AZ.
Date Deployed: Block II TLAM-A IOC - 1984 / Block III - IOC 1994 / Block IV - IOC 2004.
Unit Cost: Approximately $569,000 (FY99 $).
Propulsion: Block II/III TLAM-A, C & D - Williams International F107 cruise turbo-fan engine; ARC/CSD solid-fuel booster
Length: 18 feet 3 inches (5.56 meters); with booster: 20 feet 6 inches (6.25 meters).
Diameter: 20.4 inches (51.81 cm).
Wingspan: 8 feet 9 inches (2.67 meters).
Weight: 2,900 pounds (1,315.44 kg); 3,500 pounds (1,587.6 kg) with booster.
Speed: Subsonic - about 550 mph (880 km/h).
Guidance System: Block II TLAM-A - INS, TERCOM / Block III TLAM-C, D & Block IV TLAM-E - INS, TERCOM, DSMAC, and GPS.

Range:
Block II TLAM-A - 1350 nautical miles (1500 statute miles, 2500 km)
Block III TLAM-C - 900 nautical miles (1000 statute miles, 1600 km)
Block III TLAM-D - 700 nautical miles (800 statute miles, 1250 km
Block IV TLAM-E - 900 nautical miles (1000 statute miles, 1600 km)

Warhead:
Block II TLAM-N - W80 nuclear warhead
Block III TLAM-C and Block IV TLAM-E - 1,000 pound class unitary warhead
Block III TLAM-D - conventional submunitions dispenser with combined effect bomblets (166 submunitions in 24 canisters).


Launching:
Surface ships:
Mk-41 vertical launching system (VLS)
Mk-143 armored box launcher (ABL)
- retired
Submarines:
Mk-45 vertical launching system (VLS)
modified, large VLS on Ohio class SSGN's
  

images


bgm-109 tomahawk missile

bgm-109 tlam tomahawk

tomahawk cruise missile


Tactical Tomahawk / Block IV - functional ground test - May 2002





BGM-109 Tomahawk missile was launched from Mk-41 VLS aboard USS McCampbell (DDG 85)

bgm-109 tomahawk missile tlam mk-41 vls arleigh burke class destroyer ddg
BGM-109 Tomahawk missile was launched from Mk-41 VLS aboard USS Milius (DDG 69)


BGM-109 Tomahawk missile was launched from Mk-41 VLS aboard USS Sterett (DDG 104)


BGM-109 Tomahawk missile was launched from Mk-41 VLS aboard USS Farragut (DDG 99)

bgm-109 tomahawk cruise missile against isil forces
BGM-109 Tomahawk missile was launched against ISIL forces from Mk-41 VLS aboard USS Arleigh Burke (DDG 51) - September 2014




BGM-109 Tomahawk missile was launched from Mk-41 VLS aboard USS Porter (DDG 78)


BGM-109 Tomahawk missile was launched from Mk-41 VLS aboard USS Sterett (DDG 104)

bgm-109 tomahawk land attack missile tlam mk-41 vertical launching system vls
BGM-109 Tomahawk missile was launched from Mk-41 VLS aboard USS Barry (DDG 52)


BGM-109 Tomahawk missile was launched from Mk-41 VLS aboard USS John Paul Jones (DDG 53)

bgm-109 tomahawk cruise missile tlam ticonderoga class cruiser mk-41 vls
BGM-109 Tomahawk missile was launched from Mk-41 VLS aboard USS Shiloh (CG 67)

bgm-109 tomahawk cruise missile mk-143 armored box launcher abl uss mississippi cgn 40
BGM-109 Tomahawk TLAM was launched from a Mk-143 armored box launcher aboard USS Mississippi (CGN 40)


before impact






BGM-109 Tomahawk TLAM was launched from a Mk-143 armored box launcher


BGM-109 Tomahawk TLAM was launched from a Mk-143 armored box launcher aboard USS Wisconsin (BB 64)


BGM-109 Tomahawk TLAM was launched from a Mk-143 armored box launcher aboard USS Wisconsin (BB 64)


BGM-109 Tomahawk TLAM was launched from a Mk-143 armored box launcher aboard USS Missouri (BB 63)


BGM-109 Tomahawk TLAM was launched from a Mk-143 armored box launcher aboard USS Missouri (BB 63)



tactical tomahawk block iv bgm-109
Tactical Tomahawk Block IV test launch - Point Mugu, California - August 2002

ugm-109 tomahawk cruise missile mk-45 vertical launching system vls los angeles class submarine ssn
UGM-109 Tomahawk cruise missile was loaded into the Mk-45 VLS aboard a Los Angeles class Attack Submarine


UGM-109 Tomahawk canister



ugm-109 tomahawk tlam missile los angeles class submarine ssn
UGM-109 Tomahawk was launched from a submerged Los Angeles class SSN

ugm-109 tomahawk tlam missile ohio class submarine ssbn
UGM-109 Tomahawk was launched from a submerged Ohio class SSGN

 
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