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United Kingdom - Royal Navy
Churchill class Attack Submarine

 

 
churchill class attack submarine ssn hms conqueror courageous royal navy
 

 

Ships:
S 46 HMS Churchill (1970)
S 48 HMS
Conqueror (1971)
S 50 HMS Courageous (1971)
 
Specifications:
Length: 87 meters (285 ft)
Beam: 10,1 meters (33 ft)
Draft: 8,2 meters (27 ft)
Displacement: 4900 tons (submerged)
Speed: 28 knots (52 km/h) submerged
Range: unlimited
Complement: 103

Propulsion:
1 x pressurized water reactor
2 x English-Electric geared steam turbines
20000 shp (15000 KW)
1 shaft / 1 propeller

Armament:
6 x 21 inches (533mm) bow torpedo tubes
  for Mark 8 or Mark 24 Tigerfish torpedoes or UGM-84 Harpoon SSM

 

The three Improved Valiant class submarines, sometimes known as the Churchill class, were nuclear powered fleet submarines which served with the Royal Navy from the 1970s until the early 1990s. The Churchill class was based on the older Valiant class, but featured many internal improvements.

The lead ship was named after the former Prime Minister and First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill. HMS Conqueror was the most famous of the class, sinking the Argentinian cruiser ARA General Belgrano during the 1982 Falklands War.


Design:

The Churchills carried a crew of 103 and had a full load displacement of 4,900 tons whilst dived. They were 86.9 metres long, had a beam of 10.1 metres and a draught of 8.2 metres. Their single pressurized water-cooled reactor supplied steam to two English Electric geared turbines, producing a total of 20,000 shp (15,000 kW) for the single shaft and resulting in a maximum of 28 knots submerged. One Kelvin Type 1006 surface-search radar was fitted. The ships were built with a Type 2001 sonar array, but this was replaced in the late 1970s with a Type 2020 array and a Type 2026 towed array. Weapons included Mark 8 torpedoes, Mark 24 Tigerfish torpedoes, and Sub-Harpoon anti-ship missiles. Six 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes fired from the bow.

Like all nuclear-powered submarines the Churchill class could remain submerged almost indefinitely, with supplies of food being the only limiting factor.


HMS Churchill evaluated both the American Mark 48 torpedo and the UGM-84 Harpoon missile, though only the latter was adopted by the Royal Navy. She was decommissioned in 1990 and is laid up at Rosyth awaiting disposal.

In 1981 HMS Courageous became the first British submarine to carry the Sub-Harpoon missile. She was decommissioned in 1992 and is at Devonport Dockyard serving as a museum ship.

HMS Conqueror was the most famous of the class, sinking the Argentinian cruiser ARA General Belgrano during the 1982 Falklands War. She did not fire again during the war, but provided valuable help to the British task force by using her monitoring equipment to track Argentine aircraft departing the mainland. After the war Conqueror returned to Faslane; the sinking of the Belgrano had provoked controversy in Britain and Conqueror was criticised for flying the Jolly Roger on returning to port, as Royal Navy submarines customarily did on returning after scoring a kill. She is the only nuclear-powered submarine of any nationality to have engaged an enemy ship with torpedoes. She was decommissioned in 1990 and as of 2010 is laid up at Devonport awaiting disposal. Conqueror's periscope can be viewed at the Royal Navy's museum in Portsmouth.

source: wikipedia

 

Ships:

S 46 HMS Churchill
Builder:
Vickers Ltd., Shipbuilding Group, Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, UK
Awarded: October 21, 1965
Laid down:
June 30, 1967
Launched:
December 20, 1968
Commissioned:
July 15, 1970
Decommissioned: February 28, 1991
Fate:
paid off

S 48 HMS Conqueror
Builder:
Cammell Laird & Co. Shipbuilding, Birkenhead, UK
Awarded: August 9, 1966
Laid down:
December 5, 1967
Launched:
August 28, 1969
Commissioned:
November 9, 1971
Decommissioned: August 2, 1990
Fate:
paid off

S 50 HMS Courageous
Builder:
Vickers Ltd., Shipbuilding Group, Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, UK
Awarded: March 1, 1967
Laid down:
June 15, 1968
Launched:
March 7, 1970
Commissioned:
October 16, 1971
Decommissioned: April 10, 1992
Fate:
paid off
 
 

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