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Japan Maritime Self Defense Force / JMSDF
Asakaze (US Gleaves) class Destroyer

 

 asakaze class destroyer japan maritime self defense force jmsdf us gleaves
 US Gleaves class Destroyer - DD

 

Ships:
DD 181 JDS Asakaze (ex USS Ellyson / DD 454)
DD 182 JDS Hatakaze (ex USS Macomb / DD 458)
 
Specifications:
Length: 106,12 meters
Beam: 11 meters
Draft: 4,78 meters
Displacement: 1630 tons (standard) / 2400 tons (full load)
Speed: 35 knots, max. (65 km/h)
Range: 6500 NM (12000 km) at 12 knots (22 km/h)
Complement: 208
 
Propulsion:
4 x boilers
2 x steam turbines (50000 shp)
2 shafts / 2 propellers
 
Armament (as built):
4 x 5-inch/38-caliber (127mm) single guns
2 x 40mm twin AA guns
10 x 21 inches (533mm) torpedo tubes (2x5)
6 x depth charge projectors (K-gun)
2 x depth charge tracks

 

 

 

Ship data
unit: data:
DD 181 JDS Asakaze
(ex USS Ellyson / DD 454)

builder: Federal Shipbuilding, Kearny, New Jersey, USA

laid down: December 2, 1940 (as USS Ellyson / DD 454)

launched: July 26, 1941

commissioned: November 28, 1941

decommissioned: November 15, 1954

 

transferred to Japan: October 19, 1954 - renamed JDS Asakaze (DD 181)

returned to USA: 1970

fate: to Taiwan - finally cannibalized for spare parts

DD 182 JDS Hatakaze
(ex USS Macomb / DD 458)

builder: Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine, USA

laid down: September 3, 1940 (as USS Macomb / DD 458)

launched: September 23, 1941

commissioned: January 26, 1942

decommissioned: October 19, 1954

 

transferred to Japan: October 19, 1954 - renamed JDS Hatakaze (DD 182)

returned to USA: 1969

fate: to Taiwan in 1970 - finally cannibalized for spare parts

 

images & history

 

Asakaze - USS Ellyson (DD 454) - in USN service

 

dd 181 jds asakaze gleaves class destroyer japan maritime self defense force jmsdf uss ellyson dd-454

USS Ellyson (DD-454):

Theodore Gordon Ellyson, born 27 February 1885 in Richmond, Va., was the first naval officer designated an aviator. He served in experimental development of aviation, and established the Naval Aviation Camp at San Diego in 1911. Commander Ellyson was awarded the Navy Cross for distinguished service in World War I, for his development of successful tactics for the submarine chasers based at Plymouth, England. He was killed in a plane crash 27 February 1928.

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Ellyson (DD-454) was launched 25 July 1941 by Federal Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., Kearny, N.J.; sponsored by Miss Gordon Ellyson, daughter of Commander Ellyson; and commissioned 28 November 1941, Lieutenant Commander J. B. Rooney in command.

Still outfitting when the United States entered World War II, Ellyson was quickly readied for sea and patrolled in the Atlantic, protecting Allied shipping from Halifax, Nova Scotia, to the West Indies and Panama Canal. On 14 January 1942 she rescued 24 survivors from the sunken Norwegian SS Harness. On 15 June she broke the pennant of Commander, Destroyer Squadron 10, which she was to carry proudly through the war, through the squadron's redesignation to Mine Division 20 and the subsequent conversion of its destroyers to high-speed minesweepers.

In August 1942 Ellyson began operating with Ranger (CV-4), and remained with her through the landings at Fedhala, French Morocco, 8 November. After 2 months of escort duty along the east coast, she rejoined Ranger on two voyages to Casablanca to ferry Army planes to north Africa.

On 5 April 1943 Ellyson arrived at Argentia to prepare for operations with the Royal Navy. She sailed for England 12 May in the screen of South Dakota (BB-57) and Alabama (BB-60), and operated with the British Home Fleet out of Scapa Flow in the Orkneys screening convoys, giving distant support to Allied shipping to Murmansk and Iceland, and attempting to lure Tirpitz and other German surface ships from the safety of Norwegian bases to battle on the open seas. In July she took part in a feint invasion of southern Norway to distract German attention from the real assault on Sicily.

Returning to Norfolk 9 August 1943, Ellyson screened Iowa (BB-61) during the battleship's shakedown cruise off Argentia, then returned to Norfolk with her on 24 October. On 3 November Ellyson sailed in the scouting line for Iowa who was carrying President Roosevelt to the Teheran Conference. Later, moving into the battleship's screen, Ellyson touched Bahia, Brazil; Freetown, Sierro Leone; Dakar; and Port Royal, S.C.; before returning to Boston 19 December.

On 6 January 1944 Ellyson once again joined Ranger for screen and plane guard duty in Narragansett Bay. She sailed for north Africa 19 April and arrived at Oran 1 May. On the 16th while hunting submarines Ellyson made contact on U-616 touching off an intensive coordinated air-sea hunt. The submarine surfaced at 2358, and soon dived after a brief duel with Macomb (DD-458). Ellyson and Hambleton (DD-455) continued the attack with depth charges, forcing U-616 to surface again. Ellyson sank her with gunfire on the morning of the 17th, then rescued 30 survivors.

Ellyson arrived at Plymouth, England, 22 May 1944 for last-minute preparations for the invasion of France. On 6 June she covered the Ranger's assault on Pointe de Hoc to knock out the heavy gun emplacements reported there. On 25 June she saw action off Cherbourg, blasting gun installations, destroying mines, and laying a smoke screen for larger fleet units.

Ellyson sailed from Portland 29 June 1944, to invade southern France 15 August. She led the destroyer fire-support group in directly behind the minesweepers and knocked out defenses for the incoming troops. On patrol on 27 August she illuminated a suspicious fishing vessel and captured it, finding 50 German submariners trying to escape. Ellyson remained on patrol to cover the landing of reinforcements and support the invasion until October, then sailed for Boston, arriving 8 November to begin conversion to a high-speed minesweeper. She was reclassified DMS-19, 15 November 1944.

After training in the Chesapeake Bay, Ellyson sailed from Norfolk 3 January 1945 for the Pacific. On 24 March she arrived off Okinawa with the rest of her squadron to sweep in advance of the invasion. After thus making possible the preassault bombardment, she supported smaller minesweepers clearing approaches to the beaches and inner harbors. After the landings of 1 April Ellyson joined the radar picket line. The varied and dangerous duties assigned her squadron in the Okinawa operation took a heavy toll; only three of the 12 ships with whom she sailed in the next 3 months survived undamaged. Ellyson went to the aid of her sister ship Emmons (DMS-22) on 6 April, attempting to tow the abandoned kamikaze victim. Flames and the threat of a magazine explosion forced Ellyson to sink the stricken destroyer early on 7 April to prevent her drifting on to Japanese-held Ie Shima. Ellyson herself was attacked several times and accounted for a number of Japanese planes.

In July 1945 Ellyson became flagship for the task group sweeping the East China Sea. Upon the ceasefire, she joined 3d Fleet off Tokyo Bay and cleared it for the incoming occupation fleet units. In September she returned to Okinawa, and from her base at Buckner Bay, served as command ship for clearing the Inland Sea. She sailed from Japan 5 December for Norfolk, arriving 9 January 1946.

Ellyson remained in the Atlantic, based at Charleston primarily, for training as far as the Caribbean. In 1948 she was immobilized at Charleston, resumed operations that November when she sailed to Argentia to sweep for an amphibious exercise. Attached to Mine Force, Atlantic Fleet, Ellyson continued to operate from Charleston on training duty along the east coast and in the Caribbean. She served in the Mediterranean with the 6th Fleet in 1949, 1951, and 1953. On 4 May 1954 her designation reverted to DD-454. She was decommissioned 19 October 1954, and transferred to the Japanese Government 20 October 1954 under the Mutual Defense Assistance Program. She serves in the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force as Asakaze.

Ellyson received seven stars for World War II service.

 

 

Hatakaze - USS Macomb (DD 458) - in USN service


dd-182 jds hatakaze gleaves class destroyer japan maritime self defense force jmsdf uss macomb dd-458

USS Macomb (DD-458):

Commodore William H. Macomb, born 6 June 1819 in Michigan, served with distinction during the Civil War. He took part in the riverine warfare along the Mississippi, commanded Shamrock in the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, headed the naval force which captured Plymouth, N.C., and led an expedition up the Roanoke River in North Carolina. For his gallantry in action with the North Atlantic Squadron, he was advanced several numbers in his grade. Commodore Macomb died on 12 August 1872 in Philadelphia.

Commodore Macomb’s first cousin, Rear Adm. David B. Macomb, born near Tallahassee, Fla., 27 February 1827, entered the Navy as third assistant engineer in 1849. Prior to the Civil War, he served with the Ringgold Expedition which explored the North Pacific and the China and Japanese Seas; and he accompanied Commodore Perry’s fleet to Japan, 1853‑55. After the start of hostilities in 1861, he took part in the blockade of Charleston, S.C., and of Pensacola, Fla., then at Boston helped build monitors Nahant and Canonicus. He subsequently served on the latter with the James River Fleet and the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron. He contributed several inventions to the Navy including the Macomb Bilge Strainer and the hydraulic lift used in the turrets of ironclads. He retired in 1889 and died 27 January 1911 in New York City.

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Macomb (DD‑458) was laid down 3 September 1940 by the Bath Iron Works Corp., Bath, Maine; launched 23 September 1941; cosponsored by Mrs. Ryland W. Greene and her sister, Mrs. Edward H. Chew, granddaughters of Commodore William H. Macomb; and commissioned 26 January 1942, Lt. Comdr. W. K. Duvall in command.

Following shakedown, she operated off the east coast escorting convoys and aircraft carriers. These convoy missions took Macomb south to the northern coast of South America, east to the west African coast, and north to Newfoundland. Standing out of Boston on 5 July 1942, Macomb escorted a U.S. Army transport and an English ship to Greenock, Scotland, arriving 12 July. She operated between Scotland and Iceland, making one round‑trip voyage to New York for availability, until 25 September 1942, when she anchored at Norfolk, Va. Departing Norfolk on 11 October, she screened aircraft carrier antisubmarine patrols in the Caribbean until heading for the north African coast 7 November. Arriving on the 11th, she acted as carrier screen during the landings at Casablanca and returned to Boston after the landings were secure.

After overhaul at Boston, Macomb again operated as convoy escort along the east coast and in the Caribbean. Following a cruise which took her close to the coast of north Africa, the destroyer commenced operating out of Argentia, Newfoundland, on North Atlantic patrol. While on this patrol her convoy and antisubmarine duties took her to Iceland and England. During this early 1943 period, German submarines were extremely active, sinking many Allied ships with their “wolfpacks.”

In August of 1943 Macomb returned from a tour of duty with the British Home Fleet and operated again off the Atlantic seaboard with only one break until mid‑1944. On this one exception she made an uneventful cruise to the Azores; Freetown, Sierra Leone; Dakar, Senegal; and Bermuda before returning to Boston in late December 1943.

On 20 April 1944 the destroyer got underway for the Mediterranean where she operated off the Algerian coast on antisubmarine duty. On 16 May, just before midnight, she commenced a 72‑hour submarine chase that ended when U‑616 was blasted to the surface by Macomb’s depth charges and then sunk by her guns. In mid‑August 1944 she took part in the invasion of southern France, returning to antisubmarine patrol afterward.

Macomb arrived at Charleston Navy Yard 9 November for conversion to a destroyer minesweeper. Redesignated DMS‑23, 15 November, she joined Mine Squadron 20 and, after refresher training, departed for the Pacific 3 January 1945. Arriving in the western Pacific in mid‑March, Mine Squadron 20 joined TG 52.2 and steamed toward Okinawa. They were the first task group to enter Okinawan waters and remained until after the completion of the operations. Only one of the 11 ships in the squadron escaped kamikaze hits, and one, Emmons, was sunk on 6 April. The squadron suffered some 300 casualties, including over 100 killed.


Macomb, participating in the entire campaign, shot down many enemy planes. On 27 April, in the early predawn hours, an enemy aircraft raid was picked up by her radar. For 1 hour, Macomb fired almost continuously while maneuvering at top speed; three planes were splashed. Her luck ran out on 3 May during a twilight enemy raid. She downed one Japanese plane but a second came in fast and crashed into her, causing extensive damage. For this campaign, Macomb was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation for having, “...by her own aggressiveness and the courage and skill of her officers and men, contributed essentially to the success of the Okinawa invasion...”

Macomb proceeded to Saipan for battle repairs following the 3 May engagement. Soon after the repairs were completed, the war’s end was announced. Macomb rendezvoused with the 3d Fleet on 13 August en route to the Japanese home islands. On 29 August, just ahead of Missouri and Iowa, she dropped anchor in Tokyo Bay, where she was witness to the formal surrender.

Leaving Tokyo Bay on 4 September 1945, she commenced sweeping mines in the Japanese area, off Okinawa, near the entrance to the Yellow Sea, and in the Chosen Straits.

Departing Sasebo, Japan, on 5 December 1945, Macomb steamed for Norfolk, Va., and Atlantic Fleet duty. In June, 1946, Charleston, S.C., become her home port; and, until September 1949, Macomb went on patrols and took part in exercises along the eastern coasts of the United States and Canada and in the Caribbean.

On 6 September 1949, Macomb departed Charleston for the first of three brief tours of duty with the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean. She returned to Charleston on 13 October. Her second trip to the Mediterranean came in 1951, 20 March to 5 October; the third, 22 April to 24 October 1953. During each cruise Macomb participated in the 6th Fleet exercises and operations, lending support to American diplomatic efforts at settling the unstable political situations then existent in many of the Mediterranean countries.

In July of 1954, Macomb wasplaced in reserve. On 19 October she decommissioned and transferred to the Japanese Government, becoming Hatakaze (DD‑182) in the Japanese Maritime Self‑Defense Force.

Macomb received five battle stars for World War II service.

 
 
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