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German Navy - Deutsche Marine
Type 206 / 206A class Submarine
 

type 206a class submarine german navy deutsche marine 02x hdw nordseewerke
  
 
Units:
UNIT laid down launched commissioned converted
to 206A 
decommissioned fate 
S 192 FGS U13 November 15, 1969 September 28, 1971 April 19, 1973 not converted  March 26, 1997 scrapped
S 193 FGS U14 March 1, 1970 February 1, 1972 April 19, 1973 not converted March 26, 1997 scrapped
S 194 FGS U15 June 1, 1970 June 15, 1972 July 17, 1974 11/1989 - 08/1991 December 14, 2010 laid up
Museum planned
S 195 FGS U16 November 1, 1970 August 29, 1972 November 9, 1973 03/1988 - 11/1989 March 3, 2011 spare parts for
Colombian Navy
S 196 FGS U17 October 1, 1970 October 10, 1972 November 28, 1973 09/1989 - 05/1991 December 14, 2010 laid up
S 197 FGS U18 April 1, 1971 October 31, 1972 December 19, 1973 04/1990 - 12/1991 March 31, 2011 spare parts for
Colombian Navy
S 198 FGS U19 January 5, 1971 December 15, 1972 November 9, 1973 not converted August 23, 1998 scrapped
S 199 FGS U20 September 3, 1971 January 16, 1973 May 24, 1974 not converted September 26, 1996 scrapped
S 170 FGS U21 April 15, 1971 March 9, 1973 August 16, 1974 not converted June 3, 1998 scrapped
S 171 FGS U22 November 18, 1971 March 27, 1973 July 26, 1974 01/1989 - 09/1990 December 18, 2008 scrapped
(Turkey)
S 172 FGS U23 March 5, 1972 May 25, 1974 May 2, 1975 08/1987 - 09/1989 March 31, 2011 to Colombia as
ARC Intrepido
S 173 FGS U24 March 20, 1972 June 26, 1973 October 16, 1974 07/1989 - 03/1991 March 31, 2011 to Colombia as
ARC Indomable
S 174 FGS U25 July 1, 1971 May 25, 1973 June 14, 1974 08/1988 - 06/1990 January 31, 2008 laid up
S 175 FGS U26 July 14, 1972 November 20, 1973 March 13, 1975 07/1990 - 02/1992 November 9, 2005 scrapped
(Netherlands)
S 176 FGS U27 October 1, 1971 August 21, 1973 October 16, 1974 not converted June 13, 1996 scrapped
S 177 FGS U28 October 4, 1972 January 22, 1974 December 18, 1974 04/1989 - 12/1990 June 30, 2004 scrapped
(Netherlands)
S 178 FGS U29 January 10, 1972 November 5, 1973 November 27, 1974 06/1987 - 07/1989 December 31, 2006 scrapped
(Turkey)
S 179 FGS U30 December 5, 1972 April 4, 1974 March 13, 1975 05/1988 - 01/1990 January 31, 2007 scrapped
(Netherlands)
 
Specifications:

  Builders:
Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft (HDW), Kiel, Germany
Rheinstahl (later Thyssen) Nordseewerke, Emden, Germany
 
Displacement: 450 tonnes surfaced, 500 tonnes submerged
Length: 48,49 meters (159 feet 1 inch)
Beam: 4,58 m (15 ft)
Draft: 4,3 m (14 ft 1 in)
Depth: 200+ meters (test depth)
Crew: 23-27
Speed: 17 knots (31 km/h) submerged, 10 knots (19 km/h) surfaced

Range:
4500 nautical miles (8300 km, or 5200 miles) at 6 knots (11 km/h) surfaced
228 NM (422 km) at 4 knots (7,4 km/h) submerged


Propulsion:
2 x MTU 12V493 4-stroke diesel-engines (2 x 600 hp) each coupled with an Asea Brown Boveri (ABB) generator
1 x Siemens-Schuckert-Werke electric motor (1800 hp) driving a single propeller (5 blades - 206 / 7 blades - 206A)

Armament:
8 x 21-inches / 533 mm torpedo tubes for DM2A1 Seeaal (206) or DM2A3 Seehecht (206A) heavy weight torpedoes
up to 24 mines can be carrierd externally

Systems:
STN Atlas CSU 83 (DBQS-21) sonar
Thomson-CSF DUUX 2 passive rangefinder sonar
Safare VELOX sonar intercept
EDO-900 active mine avoidance sonar

Thomson-CSF Calypso II surveillance and navigation radar
Thomson-CSF DR-2000U ESM system - Thorn-EMI SARIE
 
 
The Type 206 is a class of diesel-electric submarines (U-boats) developed by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft (HDW). Its design is based on the preceding Type 205 submarine class. These small and agile submarines were built during the Cold War to operate in the shallow Baltic Sea and attack Warsaw Pact shipping if the war turned hot. The pressure hulls were built out of non-magnetic steel to counter the threat of magnetic naval mines and make detection with MAD sensors more difficult. The low emission profile allowed the submarines in exercises to intrude even into well protected opposing forces such as carrier formations with their screen.

Programme:
Ten Type 205 submarines were constructed between 1962 and 1968 with hulls constructed of a new non-magnetic steel. The early boats, however, suffered from cracking due to stress corrosion and an urgent programme was initiated to develop a new steel which overcame these problems, which received much publicity at the time. The new high-strength, non-magnetic, austenitic steel has greater elasticity and good dynamic strength, and has proved very satisfactory in service, thoroughly overcoming the doubts that were raised by those early problems, although it has never been selected by IKL's many export customers and thus remains unique to German Navy submarines. Subsequently, the Type 206 was designed by Ingenieur Kontor Lübeck (IKL) in 1964-65 and a production order was placed on 7 June 1969 for eight from HDW in Kiel and ten from Nordseewerke in Emden.

Of the 18 submarines built for the Bundesmarine (West German Navy), 12 were modernized in the early 1990s and were re-designated as Type 206A; the others have been decommissioned. The current German Navy is starting to decommission some 206A vessels, with more of the new Type 212A submarines being commissioned. In June 2010 the Ministry of Defence announced that all six remaining vessels were to be retired from active service immediately and to be decommissioned by the end of 2010 to cut costs. There are no type 206 submarines left in active service with the German Navy.

A slightly modified variant of the Type 206 (which includes the distinctive dome, or bulge, in the front of the boat), the Gal-class submarine for the Israeli Navy was built to Israeli specifications as the Vickers Type 540 in the UK rather than Germany for political reasons. Three such boats were built, the first being commissioned in 1976. When the Israeli navy received its new Dolphin-class submarines (also built by HDW), the Gals were retired. As of 2006, one had been scrapped and two had been sent to HDW in an attempt to find a buyer for them. When no buyer was found, one of the submarines was returned to Israel for display in the Clandestine Immigration and Naval Museum.

Modernisation:
A major mid-life modernisation was conducted on twelve of these submarines, the boats concerned now being officially designated Type 206A. The work started in mid-1987 and completed in February 1992, being carried out by Nordseewerke, Emden; this upgrade includes:

The STN Atlas DBQS-21D sonar has been fitted, together with new periscopes, and a new weapon control system (LEWA). The ESM system has been replaced and GPS navigation installed. The rebuilt submarines are armed with new torpedoes (DM2A3 Seehecht), and the propulsion system has been comprehensively refurbished, and improvements have been made to the accommodation.


Notes:
The Indonesian Navy planned in 1997/98, the acquisition of five used units from the German Navy (U13, U14, U19, U20 and U21, see above), which should not be modernized to the 206A standard, but should be made suitable for the tropics.
The transfer did not materialize, although names and tactical numbers have already been awarded.

Their names would have been Nagarongsang, Nagabanda, Bramastra, Alugoro and Cundamanik.

After its decommissioning, U21 had an ever-changing history:
First it should have been sold to Indonesia as Cundamanik. These plans were abandoned and U21 would have been scrapped in Itzehoe, had HDW not taken it on for a planned company museum in Kiel. This museum did not materialise, and U21 was gifted to the city of Eckernförde and towed there. For a short time it operated as a tourist attraction/technology museum, but because of local politics it was sold for scrap and broken up.

February/March 2010 the U26, U28 and U30 were towed by Polish tug Ikar to S-Gravendeel, Netherlands to be scrapped.

Exports:
The Colombian Navy purchased four decommissioned Type 206A submarines to boost its submarine force.
Two submarines, named ARC Intrépido / SC-23 (ex-U23) and ARC Indomable / SC-24 (ex-U24) were handed over to the Colombian Navy on 28 August 2012.
On 4 December 2015, Intrépido and Indomable entered active service after a lengthy refit in Germany.
Two additional submarines (ex-U16 and ex-U18) were acquired to be cannibalized for spare parts.

The Royal Thai Navy announced in March 2011 its intention to acquire six used boats for about 180 million Euros. However, the country's cabinet initially put the plan on hold in May 2011. Thus, there was no takeover of Type 206A class submarines by Thailand.

source: wikipedia

BUILDERS:
Howaldtswerke Deutsche Werft (HDW), Kiel, Germany = U13, U15, U17, U19, U21, U25, U27, U29
Rheinstahl (later Thyssen) Nordseewerke, Emden, Germany = U14, U16, U18, U20, U22, U23, U24, U26, U28, U30

 

images


s-192 fgs u13 type 206 class submarine german navy 02
S 192 FGS U13

s-194 fgs u15 type 206 class submarine german navy 07
S 194 FGS U15

s-194 fgs u15 type 206 class submarine german navy 05
S 194 FGS U15

s-194 fgs u15 type 206 class submarine german navy 02
S 194 FGS U15

s-194 fgs u15 type 206 class submarine german navy 03
S 194 FGS U15

s-194 fgs u15 type 206 class submarine german navy 04
S 194 FGS U15

s-194 fgs u15 type 206 class submarine german navy 06
S 194 FGS U15 with S 173 FGS U24


s-195 fgs u16 type 206 class submarine german navy 02
S 195 FGS U16

s-195 fgs u16 type 206 class submarine german navy 03
S 195 FGS U16


s-196 fgs u17 type 206 class submarine german navy 02
S 196 FGS U17

s-196 fgs u17 type 206 class submarine german navy 05
S 196 FGS U17

s-196 fgs u17 type 206 class submarine german navy 06

S 196 FGS U17

s-194 fgs u15 s-196 u17 type 206 class submarine german navy 03
S 194 FGS U15 with S 196 FGS U17

s-194 fgs u15 s-196 u17 type 206 class submarine german navy 07
S 194 FGS U15 with S 196 FGS U17

s-196 fgs u17 type 206 class submarine german navy 04
S 196 FGS U17

s-197 fgs u18 type 206 class submarine german navy 02
S 197 FGS U18

s-197 fgs u18 type 206 class submarine german navy 03
S 197 FGS U18

s-197 fgs u18 type 206 class submarine german navy 05
S 197 FGS U18

s-197 fgs u18 type 206 class submarine german navy 04
S 197 FGS U18

s-171 fgs u22 type 206 class submarine german navy 02
S 171 FGS U22

s-171 fgs u22 type 206 class submarine german navy 03
S 171 FGS U22


s-172 fgs u23 type 206 class submarine german navy 06
S 172 FGS U23

s-172 fgs u23 type 206 class submarine german navy 05
S 172 FGS U23

s-172 fgs u23 type 206 class submarine german navy 07
S 172 FGS U23

s-172 fgs u23 type 206 class submarine german navy 08
S 172 FGS U23

s-172 fgs u23 type 206 class submarine german navy 02
S 172 FGS U23

s-172 fgs u23 type 206 class submarine german navy 03
S 172 FGS U23

s-172 fgs u23 type 206 class submarine german navy 04
S 172 FGS U23

s-173 fgs u24 type 206 class submarine german navy 06
S 173 FGS U24

s-173 fgs u24 type 206 class submarine german navy 02
S 173 FGS U24

s-173 fgs u24 type 206 class submarine german navy 03
S 173 FGS U24

s-173 fgs u24 type 206 class submarine german navy 07

S 173 FGS U24

s-173 fgs u24 type 206 class submarine german navy 04
S 173 FGS U24

s-173 fgs u24 type 206 class submarine german navy 05
S 173 FGS U24



type 206a class submarine german navy 12

type 206a class submarine german navy 03

type 206a class submarine german navy 08

type 206a class submarine german navy 11


s-171 fgs u22 insignia crest patch badge type 206a class submarine german navy 02  s-173 fgs u24 insignia crest patch badge type 206a class submarine german navy 02
    
 
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