French Navy / Marine Nationale

Duperre (Type T53) class Destroyer

 

duperre type t53 class destroyer french navy marine nationale la bourdonnais forbin tartu jaureguiberry galissonniere

 

 

Ships:

unit

launched

commissioned

decommissioned

fate

D 633 FS Duperre

June 23, 1956

October 8, 1957

June 1, 1992

awaiting demolition

D 634 FS La Bourdonnais

October 15, 1955

March 3, 1958

June 1976

sunk as a target in 1992

D 635 FS Forbin

October 15, 1955

February 1, 1958

June 1, 1981

sunk as a target in 1999

D 636 FS Tartu

December 2, 1955

February 5, 1958

December 1979

sunk as a target in 1998

D 637 FS Jaureguiberry

November 5, 1955

July 15, 1958

September 16, 1977

sunk as a target in 1986

D 638 FS La Galissonniere

March 12, 1960

July 11, 1962

April 20, 1990

awaiting demolition

 

Specifications:

Length:

128,6 meters

Beam:

12,7 meters

Draft:

5,4 meters

Displacement:

2794 tons (standard) / 3800 tons (full load)

Speed:

34 knots (63 km/h) max.

Range:

5000 NM (9300 km) at 18 knots (33 km/h)

Crew:

347

Aviation:

none

Propulsion:

2 steam turbines / 4 boilers (63000 shp)

2 shafts / 2 propellers

Armament:

as built:

6 x 127 mm (5 inches) guns (3x twin)

6 x 57 mm guns (3x twin)

2 x 20 mm guns

12 x 550 mm torpedo tubes (4x triple)

1 x Bofors sextuple 375 mm anti-submarine mortar

    

after modernisation: see below

 

BUILDERS:

D 633, D 638 = Arsenal de Lorient, Brittany, France

D 634, D 635 = Arsenal de Brest, Brittany, France

D 636 = Ateliers et Chantiers de Bretagne, Nantes, France

D 637 = Forges et Chantiers de la Gironde, France

 

The T53 or Duperre class were the second group of destroyers built for the French Navy after World War II. These ships were a modified version of the T 47-class destroyers. The main difference with the preceding ships was the provision of improved air warning and tracking radars as well as an anti-submarine mortar. The ships were built between 1957 and 1958 and were decommissioned in the late 1970s or early 1980s. A single modified ship La Galissonnière was built as a trials ship for a new generation of French weapons. This ship was designated as the T 56 class.


Modifications:

In 1972-73 two of the class were substantially modified:

Duperré was completely rearmed with a Model 1968 100 mm (4 in) main gun, four Exocet MM38 missiles, two quadruple L5 torpedo launchers, and two 20 mm AA cannon. She was also fitted with a helipad to carry a Lynx WG13 helicopter.

Forbin had her forward 57 mm turret removed, and her aft 127 mm turret was replaced by a helipad. She was then principally used as a naval aviation training ship alongside the helicopter cruiser Jeanne d'Arc (R97).


T56 subclass - La Galissonnière:
La Galissonnière differed slightly in specification from the rest of the class as she was built specifically to test the Malafon anti-submarine missile.

Length: 132,8 m
Beam: 12,7 m
Draught: 6,3 m
Crew: 272

Armament:
2 x Model 1953 100 mm (4 inches) guns (1x2)

2 x 20 mm AA guns
1 x Malafon anti-submarine missile launcher (13 missiles)

1 x 305 mm (12 inches) quadruple anti-submarine mortar
6 x 550 mm torpedo tubes (2x3)

1 x Alouette II or Alouette III helicopter

 

source: wikipedia

 

NAMESAKES:

 

D 633 FS Duperre:

Guy-Victor Duperré (February 20, 1775 in La Rochelle - November 2, 1846 in Paris) was a French admiral, Peer of France and thrice Naval Minister.

 

D 634 FS La Bourdonnais:

Bertrand-Francois Mahé, comte de La Bourdonnais (February 11, 1699 in Saint-Malo, Britanny - November 10, 1753 in Paris) was a French naval officer and administrator, in the service of the French East India Company.

 

D 635 FS Forbin:

Claude, chevalier, then count de Forbin-Gardanne (August 6, 1656 in Gardanne, Provence - March 4, 1733 in Saint-Marcel Castle near Marseille) was a French naval commander. In 1685-1688 he was on a diplomatic mission to Siam. He became governor of Bangkok and a general in the Siamese army, and left Siam shortly before King Narai fell ill and was deposed by a Coup d'état (overthrow).

 

D 636 FS Tartu:

Jean-Francois Tartu (October 11, 1751 in Recouvrance - October 24, 1793 aboard Frigate Uranie, off Gascogne ) was a French Navy officer, and hero of the French Revolution.

 

D 637 FS Jaureguiberry:

Jean Bernard Jauréguiberry (August 26, 1815 in Bayonne - October 21, 1887 in Paris) was a French admiral and statesman.

 

D 638 FS La Galissonniere:

Roland-Michel Barrin de La Galissonière, Marquis de La Galissonière, sometimes spelled Galissonnière, (November 10, 1693 in Rochefort - October 6, 1756 in Montereau-Fault-Yonne) was the French governor of New France from 1747 to 1749 and the victor in the Battle of Minorca in 1756.

 

images:

 

typr t53 duperre class destroyer french navy marine nationale

 

duperre type t53 class destroyer french navy

 

 

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