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China - People's Liberation Army Navy
Hangzhou class Guided Missile Destroyer
(Soviet Project 956-EM - Sovremenny class)
 
 
hangzhou class guided missile destroyer ddg project 956-em sovremenny china people's liberation army navy plan 02x
  
 05/20
Ships:
Unit / Name Name (Han) Laid down Launched Commissioned STATUS
DDG 136 PLANS Hangzhou - ex Vazhnyy 杭州 November 4, 1988 May 27, 1994 December 25, 1999 ACTIVE
DDG 137 PLANS Fuzhou - ex Vdumchivyy 福州 April 22, 1989 April 16, 1999 November 20, 2000 ACTIVE
DDG 138 PLANS Taizhou - ex Vnushitelnyy 泰州 July 3, 2002 April 27, 2004 December 28, 2005 ACTIVE
DDG 139 PLANS Ningbo - ex Vechnyy 宁波 November 15, 2002 July 23, 2004 September 27, 2006 ACTIVE
 
Specifications:
 
Builder:
Severnaya Verf 190, St. Petersburg, Russia
  

Displacement: 6500 tons (standard), 7940 tons (full load)
Length:
156 meters (511 feet 10 inches)
Beam: 17.3 meters (56 ft 9 in)
Draft: 6.5 meters (21 ft 4 in)

Speed: 33 knots (61 km/h)
Range: 3920 NM (7260 km) at 18 knots (33 km/h) / 1345 NM (2490 km) at full speed
Complement: 350

Propulsion:
 2 steam turbines / 4 boilers
74,000 kW (100,000 hp)
2 shafts, 2 fixed propellers
 

Armament:
 
2 x single-arm Missile Launchers
for 48 (2x24)
SA-N-12 Grizzly surface to air missiles (SAM)
 

8 x (2x4)
SS-N-22 'Sunburn' anti-ship missiles (SSM)

2 x
AK-130 130mm twin naval guns
4 x
AK-630 30mm close-in weapon system (CIWS) - replaced by
2 x CADS-N-1 Kashtan CIWS
4 x (2x2)
533mm heavy-torpedo tubes
2 x
RBU-1000 300mm 6-tube anti-submarine rocket launchers
PK-2 and PK-10 chaff/decoy launchers (200 rockets)

 
Aviation:
helipad and hangar for 1 helicopter

Systems:
-
 
 
There are a total of three versions of this class: the original Project 956 armed with the 3M80 version of the Moskit anti-ship missile, and its successor, the Project 956A, which is armed with the improved 3M80M version of the Moskit with longer range. The main difference between the two is that the missile launching tubes on Project 956A are longer than that of Project 956 to accommodate the increased size of the newer missile, and these launching tubes can be used to fire / store the original 3M80 as well. A third version, Project 956EM, later developed for the People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force was the latest development of this class. Chinese media called the ship "carrier killer".

Command and control:
The ship's combat systems can use target designation data from the ship's active and passive sensors, from other ships in the fleet, from surveillance aircraft or via a communications link from the ship's helicopter. The multi-channel defence suite is capable of striking several targets simultaneously.

Missiles:
The ship is outfitted with the Raduga Moskit anti-ship missile system with two four-cell launchers installed port and starboard of the forward island and set at an angle about 15°. The ship carries a total of eight Moskit 3M80E missiles, NATO designation SS-N-22 Sunburn. The missile is sea-skimming with a velocity of Mach 2.5, armed with a 300-kilogram (660 lb) high-explosive or a nuclear 200 kt warhead. The range is from 10 to 120 kilometres (6.2 to 74.6 mi). The launch weight is 4,000 kg (8,800 lb).

Two Shtil surface-to-air missile systems are installed, each on the raised deck behind the twin-barrelled 130 mm guns. Shtil is the export name of the SA-N-7, NATO reporting name Gadfly. (From the 9th ship onwards, same launcher is used for SA-17 Grizzly/SA-N-12 Yezh.) The system uses the ship's three-dimensional circular scan radar for target tracking. Up to three missiles can be aimed simultaneously. The range is up to 30 km (19 mi) against targets with speeds up to 830 metres per second (2,700 ft/s). The ship carries 48 Shtil missiles.

Guns:
The ship's 130-millimetre (5.1 in) guns are the AK-130-MR-184. The system includes a computer control system with electronic and television sighting. The gun can be operated in fully automatic mode from the radar control system, under autonomous control using the turret mounted Kondensor optical sighting system and can also be laid manually. Rate of fire is disputed, but various Russian sources credit the weapon with a cyclic rate of 30-40 rounds per minute per barrel, in line with the French Creusot-Loire 100 mm or the Italian OTO Melara 127 mm/54, but faster than the US Mark 45.

The ship has four six-barreled 30 mm AK-630 auto-cannon systems. The maximum rate of fire is 5,000 rounds/min. Range is up to 4,000 m for low flying anti-ship missiles and 5,000 m for light surface targets. The gun is outfitted with radar and television detection and tracking. The latest Sovremennys carry the Kashtan CIWS system instead of AK-630.

Anti-submarine:
The destroyers have two double 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes and two six-barrel RBU-1000 anti-submarine rocket launchers, with 48 rockets. Range is 1,000 metres (1,100 yd). The rocket is armed with a 55 kg (121 lb) warhead.

Helicopter:
The ship's helicopter pad and telescopic hangar accommodates one Kamov Ka-27 anti-submarine warfare helicopter, NATO codename Helix. The helicopter can operate in conditions up to Sea State 5 and up to 200 km (120 mi) from the host ship.

Countermeasures:
The Project 956 destroyer is fitted with an electronic countermeasures system and carries a store of 200 rockets for the two decoy dispensers, model PK-2.

Radar:
The complete sensor suite and ECM comprises: 3D radar 'Top Steer', replaced later with 'Top Plate' (MR-760), 230 km range vs fighters and 50 km vs missiles and a total of 40 targets can be simultaneously tracked; Mineral system ('Band Stand') to allow the SS-N 22 guidance; 3 navigation and surface control radar MR-201 e 212; 2 'Bass Tilt' (MR-123) for CIWS; 6 'Front Dome'(MR-90) radar for SA-N-7 guidance (a very large arrangement to assure an effective defense against saturation attacks), linked with 3D radar and two SAM launcher (5 missile min each); 1 'Kite Screech' radar for 130 mm (MR-184 Lev). ECM and ESM are many: 2 ESM MR-410 or MP-405; 2 ECM MRP-11M or 12M ('Bell Shroud'), 2 'Bell Squat', 4 'Football B' and one MR-407; 2 PK-2M rocket launchers (140 mm), and 8 PK-10 (120 mm), 2-8 laser warning receiver systems Spektr-F, one Squeeze Box (TV, laser and IR system).

Sonar:
Medium and high frequencies (M/HF) MGK-355 Platina integrated sonar system with NATO reporting name Bull Horn, including the MG-335 hull mounted array. Type 956 originally only carries the hull mounted array because the ASW gear of this class is primarily for self-defense. For Type 956A, an improved MGK-355MS Platina is carried, which include hull mounted array, VDS, and towed array, with NATO reporting names Bull Nose / Mare Tail / Steer Hide respectively. It is reported that Type 956EM equipped with the successor of MGK-355/355MS, the MGK-355TA integrated sonar system which includes both the hull mounted and towed arrays (with NATO reporting name Horse Jaw & Horse Tail respectively).

Propulsion:
The ship's propulsion system is based on two steam turbine engines each producing 37,000 kW (50,000 hp) together with four high-pressure boilers. There are two fixed-pitch propellers. The ship's maximum speed is just under 33 knots (61 km/h; 38 mph). At a fuel-economic speed of 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph) the range is 3,920 nautical miles (7,260 km; 4,510 mi). Several ships of this class suffered from problems regarding their propulsion system that were so severe that they had to be retired.

PLAN variants:
The Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force (PLAN) had two modified Sovremenny-class destroyers delivered in December 1999 and November 2000. In 2002, the PLAN ordered two improved versions designated 956-EM. The first vessel was launched in late 2005, while the second was launched in 2006. All four vessels were commissioned to the East Sea Fleet.

On the improved Project 956EM the aft AK-130 main gun was removed. The four AK-630 CIWS were replaced by two sets of CADS-N-1 Kashtan CIWS short-range air defence gun/missile systems. Each Kashtan system comprises a 3R86E1 command module and two 3R87E combat modules. Each 3R87E combat module has two 30 mm GSh-30k six-barrel automatic guns (range 0.5-4 km (0.31-2.49 mi)) and two SA-N-11 air defence missiles. The missile is armed with a 9 kg (20 lb) warhead and has a range of 1.5-8 km (0.93-4.97 mi).

This improved 956EM version is also the first to be armed with the newer version of SS-N-22, which reported has a designation of 3-M80MBE and possibly funded by China (according to Russian sources), and the new missile differs from the older ones mainly in that the range is increased from 120 km (75 mi) to 200 km (120 mi). The air defense software is upgraded to accommodate the newer SA-N-12/SA-17 SAM system, but since China had already joined Russia in developing an even newer successor, it is not clear if SA-N-12/SA-17 has entered Chinese service in large numbers.

In 2006, the extra spheres (painted white as the mid-2006) added atop of the superstructures of the Chinese ships appearing in latest photographs of the Chinese units have shown that these Chinese ships had been upgraded with the domestic HN-900 Data link (Chinese equivalent of Link 11A/B, to be upgraded) and SATCOM (probably the SNTI-240).

From mid-2014, all four Chinese Sovremenny-class destroyers are planned to undergo a midlife upgrade program. As of 2016, Hangzhou was reported to be undergoing refit with its original components replaced with domestic systems. In addition to replacement of electronics and sensors, armament upgrades include replacing 2x4 3M80E Moskit anti-ship missiles with 2x4 YJ-12A supersonic missiles, swapping two launchers for 48 SA-N-12 SAMs with 4 sets of 8-cell vertical launch systems totaling 32 cells for HQ-16C or Yu-8 anti-submarine missiles and adding a 24-cell FL-3000N short-range anti-air missiles.

source: wikipedia 
 
images

hangzhou class guided missile destroyer ddg project 956-em sovremenny china people's liberation army navy plan 07
3 of a kind

hangzhou class guided missile destroyer ddg project 956-em sovremenny china people's liberation army navy plan 138 taizhou 02
DDG 138 PLANS Taizhou

hangzhou class guided missile destroyer ddg project 956-em sovremenny china people's liberation army navy plan 138 taizhou 03
DDG 138 PLANS Taizhou

hangzhou class guided missile destroyer ddg project 956-em sovremenny china people's liberation army navy plan 02 sam ssm gun ciws



detail images of Sovremenny class DDG's in Soviet service

hangzhou class guided missile destroyer ddg project 956-em sovremenny china people's liberation army navy plan 02
SSM missile tube launnchers - forward single-arm SAM launcher - forward 130mm twin gun

hangzhou class guided missile destroyer ddg project 956-em sovremenny china people's liberation army navy plan 03 armament

hangzhou class guided missile destroyer ddg project 956-em sovremenny china people's liberation army navy plan 08 armament

hangzhou class guided missile destroyer ddg project 956-em sovremenny china people's liberation army navy plan 04
 aft 130mm twin gun - single-arm SAM launcher - helipad

hangzhou class guided missile destroyer ddg project 956-em sovremenny china people's liberation army navy plan 10 armament
130mm twin gun - single-arm SAM missile launcher - 4 x SSM tube launcher - heavy torpedo tubes

hangzhou class guided missile destroyer ddg project 956-em sovremenny china people's liberation army navy plan 09 armament
helipad - single-arm SAM missile launcher - aft 130mm twin gun (removed on 2 PLAN units)

hangzhou class guided missile destroyer ddg project 956-em sovremenny china people's liberation army navy plan 11 armament

   
 
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